EB-2 National Interest Waiver
If the EB-2 applicant is involved in a profession that can greatly benefit the US in terms of its economy, science, art, or education, then he or she can request that the job offer, and the Labor Certification requirements be waived (hence the term waiver). In this case, the most rigorous and expensive part of other EB-2 and EB-3 category petitions can be omitted, and the USCIS only needs to decide whether the applicant’s professional and educational experience is beneficial to the US.
Another advantage is that, unlike the other categories of employment-based visa applications, the applicant requesting an NIW can self-petition. This means that while the applicant can still have a sponsoring employer, it is not a requirement, and the individual can file the case on his/her own behalf. This gives the qualified individuals a lot of flexibility in terms of employment opportunities including creating their own company based on their profession.